F. R. Buck Files, Jr.

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Buck Files, a member of TCDLA’s Hall of Fame and the President of the State Bar of Texas, practices in Tyler, Texas, with the law firm Bain, Files, Jarrett, Bain & Harrison, PC.

Stories from F. R. Buck Files, Jr.

Tuesday, April 24th, 2012

Several years ago, I was on a cruise ship that had docked in Kusadasi, Turkey. I called the office to check in and found out that I had a crisis. Over the next four hours I made or received a number of calls as we tried to work through the issues. When you have a cell phone, you’re always in touch with your home or your office or your clients or your friends. I love my cell phone. Law enforcement officers like cell phones, too. Individuals whom they arrest often have cell phones that contain information that will help the government convict them.

Saturday, March 24th, 2012

Rondrick Lamar Gray recently learned an important lesson. Be careful where you hide the dope. On February 12, 2012, a panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit affirmed Gray’s conviction for possession of crack cocaine with the intent to distribute. United States v. Gray, ___ F.3d ___, 2012 WL 315989 (5th Cir. 2012) [Panel: Circuit Judges Benavides, Prado, and Graves. Opinion by Judge Prado.]

Thursday, February 9th, 2012

On December 16, 2011, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit held, as a matter of first impression, that the Equal Protection Clause prohibits a black defendant from using a peremptory challenge to strike a white prospective juror because of that juror’s race. United States v. Bennett; ___ F.3d ___, 2011 WL 62755703 (5th Cir. 2011) [Panel: Circuit Judges Smith, Prado (who authored the opinion) and Elrod]. Was I surprised at the holding of the Court? Yes, because I thought that this issue had been decided years ago.

Tuesday, December 13th, 2011

Do we have undocumented aliens in Texas? [Yes!] Do undocumented aliens sometimes ride as passengers in motor vehicles? [Yes!] Do we have ICE agents in Texas? [Yes!] If a law enforcement officer stops a vehicle for a traffic offense and has reason to believe that a passenger in the vehicle is an undocumented alien, can he take a “time-out” to call an ICE agent? “Yes,” says the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. See United States v. Guijon-Ortiz, 2011 WL 5438974 (4th Cir. 2011).

Tuesday, November 22nd, 2011

Federal Rule of Evidence 403 can be the barrier that keeps the government from introducing that evidence against your client that will virtually guarantee a conviction.

Wednesday, November 2nd, 2011

Aaron C. Robinson was living in Louisiana when he received notice that he was to appear for a child-support hearing in Port Lavaca, Texas, on June 30, 2009. Robinson was $762.00 behind in his child support payments and feared that the court would put him in jail.

Sunday, October 2nd, 2011

On August 10, 2011, Steven Standifer received bad news. He was not going to be permitted to participate in the Bureau of Prisons’ Residential Drug Abuse Program [RDAP]. A panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit [Circuit Judges O’Brein, McKay, and Tymkovich] sent that message to him. Standifer v. Ledzema, ___ F.3d___, 2011 WL 3487074 (10th Cir. 2011).

Monday, August 29th, 2011

We all know those first words of the Constitution of the United States: “We the people of the United States . . .” But who are the people? Would the people—or a group of the people—be entitled to the same constitutional guarantees under the Second Amendment and/or Fourth Amendment and/or the Fifth Amendment?

Saturday, July 2nd, 2011

On February 26, 2010, United States District Judge Barbara Lynn of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Texas sentenced Don Hill, a former mayor pro-tem of the City of Dallas, to 216 months confinement after a jury had convicted him of the offenses of conspiracy to commit bribery, bribery, conspiracy to commit extortion, extortion, conspiracy to commit deprivation of honest services, and conspiracy to commit money laundering.

Wednesday, May 25th, 2011

Over the years, I have listened to so many clients relate the pain and embarrassment that they felt as they went through the book-in process at a jail. At least in Texas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, “jail officials may strip search a person arrested for a minor offense and detained for the posting of bond only if they possess a reasonable suspicion that he is hiding a weapon or contraband.Kelly v. Forti, 77 F.3d 819, 821 (5th Cir.

Thursday, May 5th, 2011

There is almost always a way for an imaginative United States probation officer, when preparing a Pre-Sentence Report (PSR), to suggest an enhancement to the advisory Guideline range. If you doubt this rather broad statement, you should read United States v. Kramer, ___F.3d ___, 2011 WL 383710 (8th Cir. 2011) [Panel: Circuit Judges Wollman, Bye, and Shepherd. Opinion by Judge Wollman].